More than 13 million families in the USA use water wells to source their drinking water.
Private wells generally supply safe water. But, they are not regulated by any government body. Moreover, there are no written criteria for the management of individual wells.
So, who looks after the quality of water found in them? It’s the well owners themselves who are responsible for their maintenance.
But, with few resources and a lack of awareness, many owners make some common mistakes. Unfortunately, these errors often lead to adverse effects.
To learn about these mistakes, and avoid them, keep reading.
5 Mistakes All Well Owners Should Avoid
It is not easy to own and maintain a private well with a busy lifestyle. But, it won’t be hard to look after your water quality if you are careful.
Delay Investment in a Reliable Filter
Do you know that the water you get in your well is untreated groundwater?
Most well drillers dig deep into the ground to pump water out. It is the same water that reaches your home through various pipes.
But, since groundwater is primarily rainwater, it may contain contaminants such as bacteria and pathogens.
Most homes with private wells consume this water directly. Sadly, it is one of the biggest mistakes they make that you can avoid by installing a well water filter.
An RO system or a Whole House water unit can eradicate all kinds of impurities from your water. Moreover, these systems are convenient to use and are also easy to maintain.
Most houses with private wells get yellow and smelly marks on their sinks and fixtures. It is because water from a well usually contains a high amount of iron.
Iron isn’t harmful, but it can affect the taste of water and leave stains everywhere.
There are many tricks to remove the marks, but the best approach is to install an iron filtration unit. This system oxidizes the iron to remove it from your water.
Iron water filters are costly, and that’s why most well owners don’t invest in such units. But, this expense can save you from many hassles.
To conclude, if you rely on your own private well water, make sure it is appropriately filtered before you consume it. There is no point putting your and your loved ones’ lives at risk.
Take Water Softener for Granted
Many households with private wells don’t feel the need to install a water softener in their homes. However, this isn’t a wise thing to do.
There is no better solvent than water. It easily absorbs minerals from the soil. Most of these substances contribute to the hardness of the water.
Private wells usually hold a high amount of magnesium and calcium. Both these minerals make water hard that can ruin your skin and hair if used.
Besides, hard water can cause itchiness and irritation that increases with time. Hard water is also bad for your clothes, utensils, and pipes in your house.
So, is there a way to get rid of it?
By installing a water softener for well water, you can remove all minerals from your water. Well water softeners trap magnesium and calcium and replace them with other, soft minerals.
But, like any home water treatment system, a water softener also requires continuous maintenance and cleaning. It is important in order to prevent ugly soap build-up on your faucet every day.
Neglect Well Water Pollution
Do you keep your private well clean? Or make efforts to keep dangerous substances away from your septic systems?
A private well requires your time and attention. But if neglected, it can be one of the most significant sources of water pollution.
So, to ensure your private well distributes safe water only, take the following actions:
- Install a sanitary seal on your well to avoid the entry of unnecessary substances.
- Create a slope around your private well to drain any surface runoffs.
- Conduct regular maintenance sessions to remove sediments and disinfect the well.
- Don’t use pesticides or fertilizers anywhere close to the well.
- Only hire a professional well driller to take care of any modification.
- Clean your well regularly for any waste.
- Avoid cutting the casing of the well below the surface.
- Inspect the well’s septic system regularly for any breakage.
Fail to Test Well Water Frequently
As a well owner, it’s your responsibility to test the water quality at least twice every month. It becomes even more critical if you have children, seniors, or pregnant women in the house.
Most people consider well water testing a hassle and avoid this necessity. But you shouldn’t.
Your private well may contain many contaminants that even some filters may fail to remove. So, to be on the safe side, regular water testing is essential.
Moreover, you may also take your water for testing, if:
- There is a genuine change in your water quality.
- You have recently repaired a part of your private well.
- Your area has experienced excessive industrial activities.
- You have noticed contaminants in your groundwater.
Only choose certified laboratories to test your private well’s water. Also, to save money, you can ask your health department to conduct this testing.
If the test reports show the presence of contaminants, take immediate action. Some bacteria can be easily handled using disinfectants.
For other unknown chemicals, you can contact a local expert for guidance.
Prepare Insufficient Responses for Emergencies
A natural disaster doesn’t inform you before hitting your area. But as a well owner, you should be knowledgeable enough to prepare relevant responses to save the quality of your water supply.
Excessive flooding and landslides can hurt your water supply.
So, what actions should you take to avoid any mishaps?
- Avoid using well water for some time as it may contain many contaminants.
- Do not turn on the pump before a hired contractor disinfects the well.
- In case of a dirty water supply, do not hesitate to contact the health department for their services.
For more effective responses, you can also go through the EPA’s website and take guidance from there.
Taking Good Care
If your private well is your only source of water, you should take good care of it. Get your water frequently tested and perform regular disinfection.
Moreover, install a water filter and a water softener at home to consume nothing but safe water.
Also, keep educating yourself about how to improve the well water quality. Finally, stay in touch with your health department and local labs for any necessary guidance.